Scorpions are deadly, scorpions are scary and anyone visiting or living in Arizona will inevitably come across one. There are approximately 1,500 different types of scorpions world wide, 90 in the United States and around 49 are found in the great state of Arizona (It is important to note that these scorpion numbers are changing as new scorpion species are still being discovered and some are even becoming extinct.).
All Arizona scorpions have venom that is used to capture their pray. While being stung by any scorpion will cause severe pain and discomfort only one type of scorpion can be fatal to humans: The Arizona Bark Scorpion. While fatalities are rare to the average adult anyone with an underdeveloped immune system (children and elderly) or that has an allergic reaction to the sting will be at risk. If anyone is stung by the Arizona bark scorpion one should seem immediate medical attention.
The following are the most common type of Arizona scorpions that one might encounter.
Arizona Bark Scorpion
Centruroides exilicauda is the most known, and most dangerous to humans, as the Arizona bark scorpion. The Arizona bark scorpion is distinguished from other scorpions by having long slender hands, fingers and tails. In the Arizona desert, it is typically uniform tan-yellow to orange in its color. In the Arizona mountains, or generally at higher elevations, the Arizona bark scorpion may be striped. When at rest the metasoma (tail / stinger) is held at the side. However it’s important to note that male bark scorpions may have coiled horizontally over its body. The Arizona bark scorpion is very common in rocky areas in the desert and found throughout Arizona. This is one of the most common scorpions that will be found inside your residence or business.
Quick Facts About The Arizona Bark Scorpions
- Length will usually range from 2 – 3 inches long.
- They are nocturnal and will glow with a black light.
- Bark scorpions give live birth to their young and reproduce about 20-35 at a single time.
- They eat insects, crickets and roaches.
- Locate one and more will be nearby.They can stay in large groups.
- Bark scorpions only require 1/16 of an inch for entry.
- They can climb and may be found on walls.
- Common household poisons will not effect the scorpion.
Arizona Desert Hairy Scorpion
Hadrurus arizonensis is the scientific name for the Arizona giant hairy scorpion. An interesting face: this is the largest scorpion in the United States. Arizona hairy scorpions are given their name because they are, to no surprise, hairy. The metasoma (tail / stinger) and pedipalps are densely covered in hairs. No other American scorpions have such a dense or dark covering of hair on it’s body. The pedipalps and metasoma are also relative in body size. The viewable surface will be dark, appendages will be yellow in color and will appear slightly green due to fluorescence. The Arizona giant hairy scorpion will live in deep burrows or under surface debris.
Quick Facts About The Arizona Giant Hairy Scorpion
- Length can be more than 4 inches long.
- The Arizona Giant Hairy Scorpion is also called the Giant Desert Hairy Scorpion.
- They eat small lizards, other scorpions, spiders, centipedes and insects.
- They burrow to locate water.
Stripe Tailed Scorpion
Vaejovis spinigerus is what we know as the Arizona stripetail scorpion. Easily distinguishable from other Arizona scorpions by having a large metasoma with keels that have underlying pigment giving it a striped looked. The body and hands are usually smooth and lustrous while the palm will look inflated. Color ranges from light yellow brown to having dark stripes along the body and stinger. Females can grow to 2.7 inches but are usually under 3 inches in length.
Quick Facts About The Arizona Stripetail Scorpion
- Length is usually under 3 inches long. Female stripetail scorpions are generally larger than the males.
- The Stripetail scorpion is Arizona’s most common species of scorpion, usually found under rocks or living in debris.
Yellow Ground Scorpion
Vaejovis confusus is known as the yellow ground scorpion. It is yellowish in color. Similar to the Arizona bark scorpion it has slender hands and fingers. Found throughout the Arizona Desert where it burrows under rocks or debris.
Quick Facts About The Yellow Ground Scorpion
- Yellow ground scorpions are nocturnal.
- The yellow ground scorpion is found from southeastern Arizona.
General Information About Arizona Scorpions
- Scorpions have four pairs of legs and strong pinches that resemble lobster claws.
- While Arizona scorpions will vary in color most are a pale gold, tan or yellow in color.
- Most of the adult scorpions that you will encounter are less than 3 inches long.
- Scorpions hide under rocks or debris.
- In your house, or place of business, they live in crawl spaces or areas that are not regularly cleaned.
- They are nocturnal creatures.
- Arizona scorpions typically eat spiders and insects. Killing their food source is the most effective way to rid their infestation.
- They hide during the day and will stay in areas that are generally dark.
- You must be extra careful if you live in an area of high home construction as their natural habitat is being disturbed.
- They can live for months on just water meaning you are more likely to find them under sinks, bathtubs, near sprinklers or anywhere a water source may be leaking.
- A scorpion sting may result in some pain, itching, swelling, numbness or tenderness of the area. Treat the area with cold compression and over the counter pain reliever. If a child is stung you must seek immediate medical attention. If possible capture the scorpion for identification but do not harm yourself attempting to do so.
- The great majority of scorpion stings happen on the hands and feet. It is also important to check shoes and any clothing that may have been sitting on the floor.
- In Arizona only the bark scorpion venom is considered very dangerous to humans. The Arizona Bark Scorpion is most dangerous to infants, the elderly and anyone that may have an allergic reaction. Seek immediate medical attention as anti-venom is available at the hospital.
If you need assistance removing scorpions from your house, or place of business, in Arizona then please contact Bug Off Pest Control at (480) 370-5075. We can also ensure that scorpions do not attempt to enter your residence by creating a barrier and removing all found sources that might be found in the nearby area.
Bug Off Pest Control is your Arizona scorpion experts.